An earthquake is a natural phenomenon caused when there is release of tension along the fault lines that are in the earth’s crust. The pressure accumulates from the tectonic plates movement to the rock strata on its sides to a point where it causes sudden jerky movements.
A few factors are responsible for earthquakes such as; flow of pore fluid, heavy rains, pore pressure increasing from action of groundwater, a decrease in pore pressure as well from extraction of groundwater, high carbon (IV) oxide pressure.
All of these have adverse effects in its wake. Overall, destruction is resultant from earthquakes in ways such as landslides, fissures, avalanches, ground shaking, soil liquefaction and tsunamis.
The damage that comes from it is unsurmountable depending on the magnitude of the earthquake. It can result in death, loss of property, damage to property which is valued at millions, change in the geographic features, among many other damages. Every year countless lives are lost and property damaged due to earthquakes.
This is a natural act of nature but there are several things that done to help. Preventive measures are inclusive of; making sure your belongings are secure. These measures are necessary so that in the event of one, you are cushion against the effects or incur minimal damage or losses. The main aim of this is preventing financial loss that comes from damaged furniture and objects falling. Use an anchor or any fixtures that will help keep everything in place. This includes using things like latches to help enclose valuables and fragile things in cabinets and drawers.
You can also make sure that your appliances are secured. Anything can happen during an earthquake, the last thing you want to worry about is being electrocuted or having your appliances damaged during the tremors. This is also inclusive to gas supply to ensure it has pliable tubing.
The house should have a sturdy place where you can store hazardous materials. This helps to prevent mixing or spilling of dangerous chemicals.
As a safety measure, always have a fire extinguisher in a prime location where it is easily accessible. In the event of a fire, you will be well prepared and able to act on it quickly.
In addition, try leasing to weather reports on a daily basis as they may give out warnings and forecasts on potential earthquakes. In as much as some of them are unpredictable, some are detectable or a pattern established that could help in preparedness for one.
Research is also equally important in this case. Conduct some search on your own regarding earthquake preparedness as well as other facts you come across. This will broaden your understanding on the subject and assist you in coming up with a good plan to enforce in case one strikes. You can also find some courses or items that invented to help during earthquakes.
It is important to ensure you learn and do what you can to cushion yourself against these damages or at the very least reduce them.